Protect Systems and Data from Malware

  1. Security
  2. Protect Systems and Data from Malware

Malware takes its name from the contraction of two words, malicious software.  Malware comes in many different forms and can be described as software that has been written with the intent of doing damage in some way. The threat of malware can be mitagated by ensuring you have good security procedures in place.

Below are twelve key steps to get some information security fundamentals in place:

  • Backups

    Backup systems and data, including an off-site backup

  • Updates

    Update key software, particularly operating systems and productivity software

  • Security

    Update security software

  • Emails

    Take caution with unexpected or suspicious emails

  • Access Rights

    Ensure that user accounts do not have higher privileges than really needed (particularly 'administrator' level)

  • Passwords

    Ensure strong passwords are used, and that passwords are never revealed to anyone else

  • File Types

    Take care with certain file types (e.g. .exe) and ensure known sources (e.g. Google Play Store for Android)

  • Unknown Code

    Prevent unwanted code from running (e.g. disabling macros) and ensure antivirus software is scanning in real time

  • Security

    Ignore instructions in emails or files to disable any security software or enable features (e.g. macros)

  • Network Security

    Ensure wireless networks use WPA2 and wired networks are segmented

  • Training

    Provide security awareness and data protection training to staff on a regular basis

  • Planning

    Take time to develop plans in advance (including a 'business continuity and disaster recovery' plan)